CIS 115 Week 1 DB Assisgnment

Week 1 Introduction to Computers

Discussion Assignment:
Perform an Internet search to learn more about operating systems. Compare Vista to XP and research Max OS X. Share what you have learned with the rest of the class, especially any good informative links.

Windows XP, Vista, & 7 Comparisons

 This article is going to offer a technical comparison between Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7. The advances in today’s technology happen at an extremely fast rate. The book we are studying from was written in 2008; we are now in 2010 and Microsoft’s latest operating system is named Windows 7. As a Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator, I will do my best to offer only the relevant comparisons from the stand point of the end user and not from the stand point of the Information Technology professional. I hope that these comparisons will help you to better understand in a simplistic format the major differences between all 3 operating systems. I will also offer a more technical viewpoint for those that may have interest in viewpoints of technical nature.

Windows XP was originally placed on the market in 2001. Windows XP comes in 4 separate editions. These editions are Home Edition, Professional Edition, Media Center Edition, and Professional x64 Edition. Each edition was designed to meet the specific needs of the end user. Windows XP Professional and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition were designed to easily communicate with Windows Servers, and have added security in comparison to the other 2 editions. Windows XP Professional x64 Edition is was created for systems that utilize only 64 bit hardware, as opposed to 32 bit hardware. Windows Home Edition and Windows Media Edition were designed for the user that does not have a need to connect to a business network both editions are not recommended for use with VPN’s, LAN’s and networks of this sort. The biggest down fall to using or purchasing a Windows XP based computer as opposed to purchasing a Windows Vista computer is support and compatibility. Support is still offered for Windows XP, but as of July 13, 2010 Microsoft will no longer offer support for XP Service Pack 2 (Source:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/help/end-support-windows-xp-sp2-windows-vista-without-service-packs?os=other). Service packs include multiple security, performance, and stability updates packed into 1 update. Windows XP does offer a Service Pack 3, and the support for this service pack does not have a current end date. In consideration of today’s ever changing advances in technology, it is always a best practice to purchase a computer that has the most current operating system.

Windows Vista was released in 2006. Windows Vista comes in 4 separate editions. These editions include Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, and Ultimate. The Home Basic and Home Premium were designed with the non-professional home user in mind. The Business edition was created for use on a business level only, and the Ultimate Edition was created for the professional or the home user in mind. The Ultimate Edition has all of the security support as the Business Edition, and also offers a wide selection of media based applications. As of June 2010 Microsoft has not announced an end date to support for Windows Vista Service Packs. The use of Windows Vista Business Edition or Ultimate Edition is a good choice when thinking of current available technology. The only negative in comparison to Windows XP is that are some software applications that were created for use with Windows XP that may be incompatible with Windows Vista. Even though there may be this backward-compatibility issue with Windows Vista, it is better to utilize an operating system that is compatible with today’s software applications then an operating system such as Windows XP that works best with outdated software applications.

Windows 7 was introduced to the market in 2009. Windows 7 comes in 3 separate editions. These editions include Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate. Home Premium was created with the home user in mind, and the Ultimate Edition and the Professional Edition were both created for users who are career professional or users who use a computer connected to a business network. Microsoft offers extensive support Windows 7, being that Windows 7 is Microsoft’s current release of an operating system. Utilizing Windows 7 is the best decision when considering future compatibility of both hardware and software used for computer systems. The only downfall is that some currently released software applications may not be compatible with Windows 7. Even so, I would advice use of Windows 7 for all of your professional and personal computer needs.

Anyone who is on the market for a new computer or who is considering upgrading their computer must have a basic understanding of the compatibility of operating systems, hardware and software. Microsoft offers what is called “required” specifications for each separate operating system. Microsoft states that each operating system has a minimum requirement for the hardware to work correctly with the operating system. For those of us who work in the Information Technology industry, it is well understood that some Microsoft’s minimum requirements may allow a system to perform, but may not allow the system to perform well.

The minimum hardware requirements for Windows XP Home Edition are:

• Pentium 233-megahertz (MHz) processor or faster (300 MHz is recommended)

• At least 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM (128 MB is recommended)

• At least 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available space on the hard disk

• CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive

• Keyboard and a Microsoft Mouse or some other compatible pointing device

• Video adapter and monitor with Super VGA (800 x 600)or higher resolution

• Sound card

• Speakers or headphones

Source: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314865

The minimum hardware requirements for Windows XP Professional include:

• Pentium 233-megahertz (MHz) processor or faster (300 MHz is recommended)

• At least 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM (128 MB is recommended)

• At least 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available space on the hard disk

• CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive

• Keyboard and a Microsoft Mouse or some other compatible pointing device

• Video adapter and monitor with Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution

• Sound card

• Speakers or headphones

Source: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314865

The minimum hardware requirements for Windows Vista are:

• 800 megahertz (MHz) processor and 512 MB of system memory

• 20 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space

• Support for Super VGA graphics

• CD-ROM drive
Source: http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-vista/products/system-requirements

The requirements to run Windows 7 are:

• 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor

• 1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit)

• 16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)

• DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM 1.0 or higher driver

Source:
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-7/get/system-requirements.aspx

Here are Some Windows links of interest:

Windows 7 Home Page: http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-7/

Windows Vista Home Page:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows-vista/products/home

Windows XP Home Page:
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-xp/default.aspx

Microsoft News: http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/default.mspx

Research on Mac OS X

After a bit of searching for relevant information on Apple’s Max OS X operating system, I found a wide variety of information. I combined this information with my knowledge of the Max OS X operating system, and on occasion offered a comparison to Microsoft technologies.

Mac OS X is Apple’s answer to Microsoft’s Windows operating systems. Traditionally Mac operating systems are known to be feature rich from a fully featured media rich & graphical standpoint, but not always the best choice for end users whose primary need is for business perspectives. Many will argue this is not true, but to the IT professional it is well understood that it takes extra work to manage a Mac based computer on a Windows based network environment. Windows is considered by many to be the best choice for business networks. Windows also holds the largest market share for sales in operating systems worldwide.

It is possible to duel boot Max OS X with Windows XP. The phrase “duel boot” means that you can choose which operating system you would like to use when you computer starts up, as opposed to your computer automatically booting a pre-designated operating system. Youtube.com offered an interesting video how to duel boot Max OS X with Windows. View the video by clicking this link:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VxwuYTnfL-I

Apple’s website offers some interesting downloads free of charge for Mac OS X. If you are using a computer with the Max OS X operating system, download and install a software application for free here: http://www.apple.com/downloads/macosx/ For Windows based computers you will find that you receive an error if you click on the download link. This error is a server response error. The server you send your http request to download the apple software from has identified your computer as a Windows based computer. In response to this you receive a pre generated error page. Even if you were able to download the software, it would not work on a Windows based system.

Mac OS X utilizes the Safari web browser as its default browser.

Wikipedia.org states that the original release date of Mac OS X was its 1999 release of Mac OS X Server, as well as a desktop version, Mac OS X v10.0. View the full article here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X

The Max OS X offers operating systems for a server computer system or personal user computer system.

The Mac OS X operating system has separate editions. The latest desktop user version of the Mac OS X operating system is the Max OS X Snow Leopard (v10.6).

The general system requirements for the Mac OS X Leopard operating system are as follows:

§ Mac computer with an Intel processor
§ 1GB of memory

§ 5GB of available disk space
§ DVD drive for installation

§ Some features require a compatible Internet service provider; fees may apply.

§ Some features require Apple’s MobileMe service; fees and terms apply.

Source: http://www.apple.com/macosx/specs.html

The Mac OS X operating system is used in correspondence with an Apple Mac computer. Apple facilitates all aspects of the hardware and software on their computers. This is different from computers that boot to Windows based operating systems. Microsoft allows external hardware vendors to create systems that are Windows compatible.

For more information on Max OS X, from the perspective of Apple, visit Apple’s OS X website: http://www.apple.com/macosx/ If you are interested in an article that opposes Apple’s viewpoint, check this article out:
http://www.pcworld.com/article/130994/10_things_we_hate_about_apple.html

Thank you for reading these articles. Any feedback you may offer is greatly appreciated.

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